Environment, Agriculture and community in Himachal Pradesh

ISBN Number : 978-81-8488-134-9

Library Price : Rs.600

Library Dollar Price : 24$

Book Edition : First

Year of Publication : 2008

No. Of Pages : 252

Book Weight :0

About The Book

Various researchers have concentrated on the ethnic and cultural diversity of the Himalayas which has been studied from the classical anthropological viewpoint. Much less is documented, however, of these societies rich knowledge of the fragile environment and of their strategies for the management of natural resources at the local levels. Scientific studies show that in hills, ecology-based relation between agricultural land and support land should be maintained at 1:1.6 hectares at micro level. Support land includes four types of land use categories, viz., forest land, pasture land, land under miscellaneous tree crops and groves and culturable wasteland. The man-land ratio is not a cause for concern, but the actual usable land is smaller in Himachal Pradesh because of the high altitudes and remoteness of regions. Field studies have revealed that as a result of provision of irrigation facilities in parts of the state, the cropping pattern has not only undergone changes, but has also changed the agriculture practices. The village level ratio of agricultural land to support land in the state was 1:1.33 hectares during 1990-91, which includes private and community/government support land. The ratio has declined and is continuing to and this is a cause of grave concern for the state of Himachal Pradesh. Also historical evidences reveal that there has been shrinkage of pasturage areas in the state due to distribution of "shamlat" lands, forest enclosures and extension of agriculture to marginal lands. The interdependencies between water, soil, forests, human beings and livestock in the agro-climatic zones in Himachal Pradesh form the subject of this book. The study further aims at seeing the trends in land utilization patterns, cropping patterns and livestock farming in the state. Also attempted is a socio-economic profile of the individuals in the surveyed households categorizing them into migrants and non-migrants. The community(ies) in Himachal Pradesh has been studied and the role of community activities, community participation and extension activities in the state has been evaluated through case studies, participatory rural appraisals and interviews.

Contents :

1. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN AGRICULTURE: THE CASE
2. BIOPHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
3. LAND-USE AND CROPPING PATTERN
4. LIVESTOCK FARMING
5. DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS
6. COMMUNITY AND COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN HIMACHAL PRADESH
7. THE MARCH AHEAD

Annexures
Bibliography

About The Author

Dr. Richa has obtained her M.Phil. and doctoral degree from the Centre for the Study of Regional Development, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University. She has a multidisciplinary background and her preferred areas of specialization and interest include community and community participation, sustainable and inclusive development, eco-tourism, faith and development, education, micro-enterprise and health. Her doctoral research is an effort drawing from a number of disciplines such as economics, geography, demographic studies, environmental studies and anthropology. She has been actively engaged in the development sector over the last five years and has a gender affirmative perspective. She has worked with various NGOs and academic agencies in project co-ordination / implementation, awareness generation programmes, research and teaching. She is involved as a researcher in the Religions and Development Research Programme of the University of Birmingham. She was a research associate for a project on "Nature based Tourism in South Asian Countries" sponsored by the South Asian Network of Economic Research Institutes (SANEI) and has also done consultancy for CRY, NACO, UNIFEM and Project Development Corporation of Rajasthan (PDCOR) on projects related to Juvenile Justice, Drop-in-Centres for HIV/AIDS, Violence against Women, and Educational Infrastructure Development for Jalore district in Rajasthan under the public-private partnership model.

Richa is currently working for the Institute of Integrated Himalayan Studies which is a UGC Centre of Excellence in the Himachal Pradesh University. She is co-ordinating a project entitled "Development in the Himalayan Villages: an Integrated Study" and is the editor of the bi-annual journal of the Institute, Himalayan Studies journal. She is a collaborating partner on behalf of Himachal Pradesh University with the Department of Linguistics and Philology, Uppsala University, Sweden, for a project entitled "Multimedia and GIS supported language documentation of the Himalayas with the focus on ethno-biological terms". She has been teaching Research Methodology and has a number of publications to her credit.

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